When to reflect
What type of reflective activity would have helped Debbie?
Click on the type of reflection, based on the principles outlined by Schon, that you think would be most useful to develop Debbie's practice.
Then select the other answers to understand why they are not appropriate in this case.
Reflection before action
Yes - Debbie is aware that some learners regularly turn up late, but hasn't done enough to address this. She has threatened them with sanctions, but has not carried these through, and the learners are aware of this. The fact that other courses of action haven't been followed through undermine the teacher, so it's unlikely that the learners will respond to threats issued in the class. Reflection before action would make Debbie realise that her sanctions need to be followed through.
Reflection in action
It would have been a good idea for Debbie to 'think on her feet' and made Natalie sit in a different place where should could have been less disruptive. However, as this is a recurring problem, Debbie would be best advised to reflect before action and come up with some strategies to deal with the late arrivals.
Reflection on action
Reflection on action takes place after the event. Debbie needs to reflect afterwards and recognise that changes are not being made as a result of her actions. She also needs to devise strategies that will help her deal with the problem in the future.